Things to consider before getting a dog- Male vs Female

There are certain things to consider before getting a dog in your family as it’s a big decision, so don’t hurry up while taking such a crucial decision, which can have a long-term effect on your life.

The cases of abandoning dogs are increasing day by day just because of the negligence while taking such an important decision, thereby spoiling the lives of millions of dogs every year, it hurts me, and if you are a human, then it should worry you too.

Before going through this blog, have a look at my blog on What to know before getting a dog? Where I have discussed some essential points to understand before being a pet parent that would give you a glimpse of what it takes to be a pet parent and help you to make such a crucial decision.

So, once you have made up your mind, please consider the following things before getting a dog:

Now that you are confident enough to be a pet parent, one thing that you should consider before getting a dog or choosing the right breed is the gender of your pooch.

Never thought about it?

Well, now is the time to think, so here we go….

For the sake of simplicity, we will be evaluating the differences between a male and a female dog based on the following parameters:

  1. Physiology
  2. Behavior
  3. Training


Things to consider before getting a dog

The physical appearance widely differs from one breed to another, but also within the same pure breed male dogs are taller, broader, and little more muscular than female dogs (bitch).

It might be one of the reasons behind male dogs winning the dog show almost twice the number of times than the female dogs. If you are planning to take your pooch on a dog show, then this is something to consider before getting a dog.

Sex hormones majorly influence these physical differences.

The significant difference between the physical characteristics of a male and a female dog is their reproduction system, which also affects their behavior about which we will talk a little later.

Before being a pet parent, you need to understand what these differences would mean to you and how it’s going to affect you as a pet parent.

When the dog is intact, which means that your pooch is not spayed (in case of female dogs) or neutered (In case of male dogs), i.e., they are reproductively active and have not undergone any surgery to make their reproductive organs nonfunctional that is when the difference of being a pet parent of a male dog vs. a female dog would be more evident.

You can feel these differences when the dog reaches its puberty generally after six months or even earlier for smaller breeds, while larger breeds can take up to 1 year to reach puberty.

Female dogs undergo heat cycles for about two times a year, once or even thrice depending upon the breed. Shorter breeds can experience 2-3 periods a year, while larger breeds usually experience one heat cycle a year.

Male dogs don’t show such characteristics as they are reproductively active throughout their life, but they are more fertile after around a year.

After attaining puberty, male dogs try to look out for female dogs for mating, and it can be quite challenging to restrain them inside the house as they become very creative in escaping.

An un-spayed female dog during these heat cycles would secrete a vaginal discharge which can vary in its consistency from being very thick bloody discharge at the beginning of the heat cycle and slowly turn into thin pinkish watery fluid when they are coming to an end of their heat cycle, they do so to attract male dogs for mating.

They also tend to mark territory just like male dogs to leave their scent everywhere for the male dogs to find them. These heat cycles can last for 2-4 weeks.

spaying the female dog will stop these heat cycles and vaginal discharge.


how to manage dog behavior

The aggression of a dog varies from breed to breed and are mostly coded in their genes and are hereditary, for example, breeds like Pitbull, Rottweilers, Tibetan Mastiffs are aggressive by nature. In contrast, breeds like Labradors, Great Dane, Pug are calm by nature.

But that doesn’t mean that a Pitbull would always be aggressive and a Labrador would still be cool, I have seen some Labradors who are as aggressive as a Rottweilers.

Environment and pet parents have a significant influence on the overall behavior of a dog.

Dogs who are around aggressive owners tend to be more aggressive while dogs around cool and calm owners tend to be more friendly.

The behavior of your dog, to an extent, can be the reflection of you and your family’s behavior.

No matter what breed the dog is, when the dog is reproductively active, it shows particular behavior that being a pet parent, you should be aware.

Females during their heat cycle show mood swings and can be aggressive, and they may prefer being left alone.

When a female dog is on heat, she may start marking the territory, which can drive male dogs crazy and can result in an accidental pregnancy.

Male dogs, on the other hand, become more active in roaming and start marking their territory in and around the house and can turn into a Houdini by finding creative ways to escape your home in search of female dogs.

Still, despite this, they are relatively stable in terms of mood swings.

So, both male and female dogs have their challenges during this phase and require extra effort by their pet parent.

I believe no matter what breed you are going for, the behavior of the dog largely depends on the pet parent’s effort in early obedience training, socialization training, training to inhibit or control aggression towards food and strangers, and various adaptability training.

If you can achieve proper control over your pooch, then no matter what, it will always be your faithful companion.


proper training is important for dog

Training is one of the most crucial aspects of being a pet parent. Your pooch is unaware of your house rules and regulations. The fur-ball needs to know what is right and what is not in terms of boundaries and restrictions.

Dogs in wild act according to their instincts, but the same in the domestic environment can result into some severe repercussions like for example a Pitbull as a breed is aggressive by nature and have a strong jaw, it would prefer biting going by its instinct, but if the same is allowed within your house then it can lead to some bad consequences.

So, training is an important aspect.

Female dogs tend to be more focused and easier to train compared to the male dogs of the same age as female dogs attain maturity before male dogs, but that doesn’t mean that male dogs are dumb. Also, it’s seen that female dogs are more compassionate around kids, especially when spayed.

With the right techniques, you can train any dog irrespective of gender.

It’s just that you should modulate and adapt your training techniques, which only comes with experience.

I have experience of being a pet parent for both male and female dogs, and both were super obedient and never gave me a chance to complain.

Both male and female dogs have their pros and cons, but if you choose to spay (female) or neuter (male) your dog, than the thin line of difference between them gets even more thinner.

But if you want to participate in a dog show, then your pooch has to be intact, again something to consider before getting a dog.

However, if you already have a dog and are looking to get another one, then I would suggest you go for the opposite gender of what you have like say for example you have a male dog of any breed, then you can go for a female dog of any breed or vice versa and this can reduce the chances of any kind of dog fight situation within your family, but keep in mind that if both the dogs are intact, then there is a possibility of accidental pregnancy in female dog.

I hope now you have some clarity about all those things to consider before getting a dog in your family.

Do let me know in the comment section if you are still confused about anything.


Harsh Gupta


I am a pet blogger at MPD. When I am not writing, I am sipping on coffee and spending my time with my family. You can follow me on Twitter and Instagram.

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